Shaft types for the spades

The shaft is a very important element – in any garden tool! At the shaft, the tools are held securely and can be guided in a controlled manner. A good haptic and an optimal shape ensure comfortable usage. The quality of a spade shaft is extremely important, as it has to withstand a lot. Low-quality shafts break more quickly and can thus lead to accidents/injuries.

The most important thing first:

  • The shaft is attached to the blade by a spring, a double spring or a gooseneck socket and, together with the handle, ensures good power transmission and safe guidance when working.
  • Spade shafts are available with different handle types and depend on the intended use as well as personal preferences. For example, the knob handle is preferred in the north and parts of southern Germany – in the other regions mainly the T-handle is used.
  • Most spades have a bent shaft– this refers to a slight curvature at the base of the shaft that provides a positive connection to the spade blade – this maximizes the load capacity of the spade. Some spades have a double bent shaft– this further curvature provides an optimal stand to the spade blade and can only be used on certain models. For the same reason, there are a few spades with a straight shaft.
  • Most spade shafts are made of hard wood due to its excellent characteristics.

Different types of handles and grips on the spades:

Ein T-Stiel bietet eine gute Kraftübertragung

Shaft with T-handle

  • highly resilient
  • safe tool guidance
  • facilitates turning and piercing movements
  • very good power transmission
  • simple handling
  • light weight
  • is made of two parts

Ein Knopfstiel bietet eine sehr flexible Werkzeugführung


  • ensures very flexible tool guidance
  • is made from one piece
  • light weight
  • not as resilient
  • pivoting and piercing movements are not as controllable

Ein Vollholz-D-Stiel ist extrem belastbar

Shaft with D-handle

  • extremely resilient
  • provides the safest tool guidance
  • facilitates turning and piercing movements
  • very good power transmission
  • very pleasant shape of the handle
  • is made of one piece
  • higher weight

Stiel aus sehr belastbarem Hickory-Holz

Wooden shafts

  • as a renewable raw material, wood is conserving resources and is CO2-neutral
  • very confortable haptic
  • absorbs hand perspiration
  • enables a firm grip


  • very resilient
  • shocks get absorbed
  • raw material of German origin
  • inexpensive raw material
  • not as resilient and elastic as ash or hickory wood


  • very resilient and flexible
  • hard impacts get absorbed
  • raw material from European origin
  • relatively inexpensive raw material


  • extremely tough and elastic
  • up to 30% more resilient than ash wood
  • hard impacts get absorbed
  • raw material from North America/China
  • expensive raw material

Shaft varnish:

  • protection against contamination and moisture or fungal attack
  • resistant to hand perspiration

Dickwandiger Stahlrohr-Stiel, rot pulverbeschichtet

Steel shafts

  • powder coating protects against corrosion
  • steel is 100% recyclable without loss of quality
  • does not absorb shocks
  • unpleasant haptics for some users

Thin-walled tubular steel handle:
e.g. for the all steel spades

  • very resilient
  • material thickness: approx. 1.5 mm
  • relatively high weight
  • expensive raw material

Thick-walled tubular steel handle:
e.g. for the KRAFTSPATEN

  • extremely resilient
  • very high quality quenched and tempered steel
  • material thickness: approx. 3.6 mm
  • very high weight
  • very expensive raw material

Gelber Fiberglasstiel einer Schaufel

Fiberglass shafts

  • very solid
  • very flexible
  • hard impacts get absorbed
  • weather resistant
  • very low weight
  • loss of power transmission due to very high elasticity
  • extraction / processing is harmful to the environment and health
  • is not recyclable
  • expensive raw material